Neuropsychological Testing for Anxiety
What is Anxiety?
Anxiety is a normal part of life, which can be useful when it alerts you to dangers. For some, it becomes inappropriately intense and can interfere with daily life by causing excessive worry, sleeplessness or apprehension about the day’s typical events. When anxiety gets to the point that it interferes with your ability to function in daily life, work or prevents you from maintaining relationships, it is considered to be a clinical anxiety disorder. Anxiety disorders are relatively easily treated when those involved in your treatment know the specific kind of anxiety disorder that you suffer from.
Typical symptoms of anxiety disorders include:
- Feeling powerless
- A sense of impending doom
- Breathing quickly (hyperventilation)
- Rapid heart rate
- Feeling weak or tired or avoidant
Several types of anxiety disorders include:
- Agoraphobia is avoidance of or anxiety when in places or situations that you cannot easily escape.
- A phobia involves anxiety when you are presented with an object or situation that is overwhelming.
- Social phobias involve anxiety evoked by certain types of social or performance situations.
- Panic attacks are sudden, rapidly appearing periods of intense fear or terror. Often there are feelings of impending doom, heart palpitations, chest pain and shortness of breath. You may feel as if you going “crazy” or are unable to breathe.
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) includes recurring thoughts or impulses (obsessions) or an uncontrollable desire to perform an unnecessary act (compulsions).
- Generalized anxiety disorder involves persistent and excessive anxiety and worry about a wide variety of small or large concerns.
- Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) includes feelings of re-experiencing a past traumatic event. There may be intrusive thoughts, avoidance of things that remind you of what happened as well as and jumpiness, which can be set off by reminders of the event.
- Acute stress disorder includes symptoms like those in PTSD that occur only for a brief period of time after the traumatic event.
- Separation anxiety is a childhood disorder involving anxiety surrounding separation from parents or caregivers.
- Anxiety disorder due to a medical condition involves symptoms of anxiety that are caused by a physical health problem.
- Substance-induced anxiety disorder involves anxiety caused by abusing drugs, taking prescribed medications or stopping taking these substances.